Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums and tissues surrounding the teeth. It is caused by bacteria that have accumulated in the mouth. Chronic gingivitis and the presence of tartar in the teeth are predisposing factors for its appearance. As periodontitis progresses, the teeth show mobility, pain when chewing, and inflammation which then cause damage to the bone.
In order to successfully deal with problems of the periodontium, the preventive treatment programme that each patient will follow must be adapted to their own needs.
Firstly, a thorough examination of the teeth and gums is performed clinically and radiographically. Afterwards, the patient is informed about the appropriate dental treatment which they will undergo – treatment for gingivitis, use of fluoride, periodontitis treatment.
Particular emphasis is placed on the proper use of oral hygiene products (toothbrush, mouthwash, interdental brushes, dental floss), as well as educating patients on the proper way and frequency of brushing.
Regular monitoring by the dentist and literal observance of their instructions are required, in order to maintain a healthy and aesthetically pleasing clinical image of the teeth.